|Cornea Transplant cost in India||$2160||Single||Day care|
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A cornea transplant (keratoplasty) is a surgical procedure to replace part of your cornea with corneal tissue from a donor. Your cornea is the transparent, dome-shaped surface of your eye. It's where light enters your eye and is a large part of your eye's ability to see clearly.A cornea transplant can restore vision, reduce pain, and improve the appearance of a damaged or diseased cornea.
A number of conditions can be treated with a cornea transplant, including:
Corneas used in cornea transplants come from people who have died. Corneas are not used from people who died from unknown causes or from donors who had certain conditions, such as diseases that can spread previous eye surgery or eye disease. Unlike with organs such as livers and kidneys, people needing cornea transplants don't require tissue matching.
Your surgeon will recommend one of three surgical options for cornea transplant. The method your surgeon chooses depends on the cause of the damage to the cornea, the condition of your cornea, and your unique needs. In some cases, a corneal transplant may not improve your vision, and your surgeon may recommend against surgery.
Penetrating keratoplasty is also called a full thickness cornea transplantation. Developed over 100 years ago, the modern version of this surgery continues to help thousands of people each year. In this procedure, your surgeon uses a small circular blade to remove the entire center part of the damaged cornea and replaces it with a healthy same-shaped piece of donor cornea.
If the innermost layer of your cornea is healthy, but the middle and outer layers are damaged, your surgeon may perform a partial thickness cornea transplant. This procedure is also known as deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. During this surgery, your surgeon removes the middle and outer layers of your cornea and replaces them with healthy corneal tissue.
This procedure may help if the innermost layer of your cornea, the endothelium, is damaged. This thin layer of endothelial tissue is called Descemet’s membrane. Surgeons perform two types of endothelial keratoplasty surgeries:
Each procedure removes damaged endothelial tissue and replaces it with healthy donor tissue. Unlike the other keratoplasty procedures, fewer or no stitches are needed with the endothelial keratoplasty procedures. Instead, an air bubble is used to keep the donor cornea in position. To increase the chance of success, you will need to position yourself face-up for a few days after the surgery so the bubble can keep the corneal tissue in place. The difference between DSAEK and DMEK is the thickness of the donor cornea – DSAEK is thicker, while DMEK is thinner. Your surgeon will decide which type of transplant is best suited for your specific eye condition.
Once your cornea transplant is completed, you can expect to:
Your vision may be blurry for a period of time after surgery. For some people, it may take 6 to 12 weeks to get the full benefits of surgery and to see as clearly as possible. Your doctor will give you eyedrops to help your eye heal and prevent your body from rejecting the donor tissue.
On the day of your cornea transplant, you'll either be given a sedative to help you relax and a local anesthetic to numb your eye or you'll be put to sleep. Either way, you shouldn't feel pain. Surgery is done on one eye at a time.
Your eye doctor might recommend a corneal transplant if you have vision problems due to keratoconus or another condition that causes your cornea to become thinner. You might also need a transplant if one or both corneas have scars due to previous injuries or infections.
Unlike other types of transplants, corneal transplants do not require the donor and recipient to have the same blood type. Nevertheless, sometimes the body rejects the foreign tissue. Anti-rejection medication is given to the patient after the transplant surgery to help their body accept the&nbs
Surgery for a corneal transplant usually takes around an hour, although depending on the type you are having, it may take up to two hours to complete. Transplant surgery can be done under either under local anaesthetic, where you are awake, or general anaesthetic, where you are unconscious and unaware.